Allergy Treatment in New York City, NY
Allergies are an abnormal response of the immune system to a normally harmless substance. This substance is known as an allergen. Some of the most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, mold and animal dander. When a person is exposed to an allergen, their body releases a variety of chemicals including histamine. Histamine then causes the symptoms or the allergic reaction.
Most allergic reactions are mild and symptoms include sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes, itching and a rash. More severe reactions can result in abdominal pain, cramps, vomiting and dizziness. These reactions are rare.
Hay fever, also known as allergic rhinitis, is an allergic reaction that causes cold-like symptoms. Allergic reactions are triggered by exposure to certain substances known as allergens that can include pollen, dust mites or animal dander. It can also be caused by changes in the weather. Hay fever is a common condition that affects one in five people.
Symptoms of hay fever can include:
These symptoms may be mild, but can also interfere with your daily life. Corticosteroids, decongestants and antihistamines can help relieve symptoms of hay fever.
The ear is made up of three different parts - the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. Although infections can occur in any area, the middle ear is most susceptible. The middle ear is the area just behind the eardrum and connects to the nose through tiny passages called Eustachian tubes. When fluid, often from a cold or other viral infection, builds up in these tubes, they become inflamed or irritated. Children's Eustachian tubes are narrower and shorter than those of adults and are therefore more likely to develop ear infections. Ear infections rarely affect adults.
Symptoms of a middle ear infection typically include:
An ear infection can be diagnosed by using an otoscope, a small lighted tube used to view the eardrum, as well as performing a complete physical examination of the throat, sinuses, head, neck and lungs. A hearing test may also be performed for chronic or recurring ear infections.
Most ear infections go away on their own within two or three days. Therefore, treatment focuses on relieving pain and other symptoms. Ear infections may not be responsive to antibiotics if they are caused by a viral infection and will not relieve pain within the first 24 hours. Most doctors follow a wait-and-see approach for treating ear infections.
Fever is an elevated body temperature due to illness. It is the body’s way of defending itself from bacterial or viral infections. A mild fever is typically a temperature of 99 degrees F or above and a high fever is a temperature of at least 102 degrees F. When experiencing a fever, it is essential to increase your intake of fluids to prevent dehydration. While the majority of fevers in adults do not indicate a serious ailment, in some cases it is important to seek medical attention. Visit your doctor if your fever reaches more than 103 degrees F, does not subside after 48 hours, is recurring for at least one week or if you have an underlying health condition.
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