Top 5 Questions about DiabetesTuesday, April 2nd, 2013, 3:02 pm
Estimated to affect nearly 7 percent of the US population, The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in three people born in 2000 will be affected by diabetes. Although the condition can contribute to serious complications, diabetes can often be successfully managed through dedicated, lifelong treatment. Ready to find out more?
Here is our list of the Top 5 Questions about Diabetes:
- What is diabetes, exactly? When we eat, our body breaks down most of our food into glucose, a sugar that serves as our main source of energy. This glucose travels into the bloodstream with the help of a hormone called "insulin." In those with diabetes, the pancreas either produces little to no insulin, or the insulin is not utilized properly. There are three main types of diabetes:
- Type 1: An autoimmune disease, type 1 diabetes occurs when your body has destroyed the beta cells in the pancreas that create insulin. Without insulin, the body’s cells are not able to absorb the energy-producing glucose. This is the rarer form of the condition, affecting only 10-15% of all diabetics.
- Type 2: Type 2 diabetes is a result of not enough insulin being produced, or if the insulin that is produced is being "ignored," also known as insulin resistance. Unlike type 1 cases, this form of diabetes is generally brought about later in life, and is often preventable.
- Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes can occur in women during the late stages of their pregnancy. Most cases disappear at the end of the pregnancy, but the condition puts women at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on.
- What are the symptoms? Symptoms of diabetes can vary from person to person. Common symptoms, however, include an increase in thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, extreme hunger, high blood pressure, fatigue, and more. Oftentimes -- its its earliest stages -- diabetes will not present any symptoms, whatsoever. This is why regular medical exams and blood tests become especially important.
- Is it preventable? Type 2 diabetes is often preventable, while type 1 is not. Men and women can often avoid type 2 diabetes by choosing a healthy lifestyle, maintaining an appropriate weight, and staying active.
- How is it diagnosed? Diabetes can often be diagnosed with a simple blood glucose test. These tests may be performed after fasting, after drinking a beverage high in glucose, or randomly. If the blood glucose level is above a certain number, a diabetes diagnosis can often be confirmed.
- What are my treatment options? Treatment of diabetes varies, based on an individual's unique medical needs. Insulin injections or oral medications may be required, and patients will be advised to maintain a healthy diet and active lifestyle. Managing diabetes requires a lifelong commitment, in order to ward off potential complications. These can include heart disease, kidney failure, eye complications and others.
Diabetes Treatment in New York
To learn more about managing diabetes -- or to schedule an exam -- we encourage you to contact us today. Our offices are located in New York City, and you can reach us directly at (212) 932-7538. We look forward to serving you!