While we all worry about important issues in our everyday lives, some people are constantly worrying over the littlest things and let it affect the way they live. If you are always feeling anxious and have trouble concentrating, you may suffer from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). GAD is a common anxiety disorder that affects about 4 million people in the US each year.
The exact cause of GAD is not known, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of biologic, genetic and environmental factors. Symptoms appear gradually and most commonly begin during childhood or adolescence, although it can begin in adulthood as well. People with GAD may experience:
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a common condition that affects between 1 and 4 million Americans and is characterized by extreme fatigue that does not improve with traditional remedies. This condition often occurs after an infection such as a cold or other viral illness, and often worsens after physical or mental activity, although the specific cause is unknown.
Although symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome are common, many people do not seek treatment for this condition and blame its symptoms on other factors. However, chronic fatigue syndrome is in fact a real condition that can lead to depression, problems at work or life restrictions if left untreated. Through a personalized treatment approach, many patients recover from chronic fatigue syndrome.
Insomnia is a sleep disorder that involves difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep on a regular basis and for no apparent reason. This condition affects as many as one in ten people in the US and can be temporary or chronic. Insomnia can lead to fatigue, low energy levels and can also weaken the immune system.
Insomnia can occur with no direct association to other health conditions, known as primary insomnia; or can be a result of another condition, known as secondary insomnia. Acute cases may last from one night to a few weeks, while chronic insomnia occurs at least three nights a week for one month or longer.
Certain life factors such as stress, emotional or physical pain, depression, jet lag or medications can trigger insomnia. It is important to speak with your doctor if you are experience difficulty sleeping. You may be asked to monitor your sleeping habits in order to help diagnose insomnia.
There are many different kinds of stress that affect us throughout our lives, from the minutiae of day-to-day activities (arriving late to work) to major life-changing events (navigating a divorce). Since stress is a major factor in many cases of chronic pain, reducing the amount of stress can in turn reduce pain. Relaxation training includes much more than just sitting down and resting; it can be an effective method to coping with chronic pain.
Relaxation can be achieved through several different exercises that are not difficult, but need to be practiced in order to be effective. It is important to find an instructor that will work with your specific needs and whom you feel comfortable with. Some of these exercises include:
- Deep breathing
- Deep muscle relaxation
- Quieting imagery
- Gentle stretch and exercise
Relaxation training can also be effective in reducing anxiety caused by stress and constant worrying.
Dizziness typically encompasses the sensation of being lightheaded and possibly ready to pass out. You may also experience a vertigo-like feeling of spinning. Often the cause of dizziness is related to an abrupt decrease in blood pressure, dehydration or rising too quickly from a prone position. Much less commonly, dizziness may be the result of a serious health problem such as stroke, heart disease, internal bleeding or shock. Typically, however, there will be other accompanying symptoms if one of these issues is the cause. If that is the case, or you find your dizziness is worsening, contact your doctor’s office.
While everybody feels sad or blue every once in a while, many people suffer from an actual medical condition, known as depression, that affects their lives on a daily basis. Depression is characterized by constant feelings of sadness or emptiness, and may be triggered by certain events or co-exist with other illnesses.
The exact causes of depressions are unknown. Research suggests that depression is caused by a wide range of factors, such as:
- Stressful life events
- Hormonal changes
- Traumatic childhood
- Changes within the brain
Leaving depression untreated can cause a variety of problems affecting the lives of those suffering, as well as their families. Some of these issues include anxiety, isolation, difficulties at work or school, alcohol or substance abuse, and in extreme cases, suicide. It is therefore important to talk with your doctor if you are suffering from depression to receive the treatment you need and live a healthy, fulfilling life.
Contact our office to learn more about Psychological Disorders or to make an appointment.